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SHPO Review and Compliance

Review and Compliance

Through the Review and Compliance program, the SHPO assists federal, state, and local agencies in meeting their preservation responsibilities as defined by federal and state laws. The SHPO cooperates with the national Advisory Council on Historic Preservation  to ensure that significant properties are taken into consideration at an early stage in federal project planning.

The SHPO staff provides technical assistance through accessing state resource inventory files; reviewing federal, state, county, and city projects to determine their possible impacts on cultural resources; explaining state and federal compliance procedures; ensuring application of professional standards; and providing opinions on the National Register eligibility of resources. For further information, call Ann Howard or David Jacobs at (602) 542-4009.

SHPO Guidance Points

SHPO Guidance Point Series: The State Historic Preservation Office’s Guidance Point Series (Series) provide a means for meeting goals and objectives in the State Historic Preservation Office’s (SHPO) State Plan (Plan), which was updated in 2014.

According to three of the Plan’s goals (i.e., Goals 6, 7, & 8), SHPO should foster a constituency in Arizona that is informed and supportive of historic preservation issues. One of the goals targets the public, anther focuses on policy makers, and the third one identifies historic preservation professionals. Specific objectives in the Plan that the Series addresses include updating and broadening information available to the public, enabling citizens to make informed decisions on current historic preservation issues, and advising professionals on “best practices” for the treatment of historic properties.

SHPO Guidance Points assist agency and tribal officials, professionals, and members of the public to consult effectively, to select best practices for identifying, evaluating, and treating historic properties, and to make informed decisions about historic preservation. The Guidance Points are especially useful for consultants and applicants working at behest of state and federal agencies complying with historic preservation laws. The Series, which began in 2000, shares the SHPO staff’s research and experience on historic preservation issues in Arizona with audiences identified in the State Plan.

Topics are usually chosen for the Series that are related to recent preservation issues or project-specific solutions that the SHPO staff identifies as having broader appeal or application. At present, the series includes papers stressing the importance of Agency officials determining the eligibility of a property in terms of the State or National Registers of Historic Places’ criteria, describing different types of archaeological testing and their appropriate roles, guiding the use of mechanical boring under historic properties, evaluating the continued adequacy and accuracy of old survey data, understanding when site burial as a mitigation measure is appropriate, deciding when surface artifact collection during survey is not an adverse effect, guiding mitigation programs within linear rights-of-way, and conducting meaningful and effective tribal consultation for state and federal undertakings.

SHPO staff is always willing to entertain ideas for new topics that can be addressed in a Guidance Point. Feel free to contact SHPO staff with your ideas.

  1. Use of the Term “Potentially Eligible” ( 317 KB PDF)
  2. Roles of Archaeological Testing ( 332 KB PDF)
  3. Appropriateness of Boring under Sites as an Avoidance Measure ( 307 KB PDF)
  4. Burial-in-Place Treatment for Archaeological Sites ( 448 KB PDF)
  5. Relying on Old Archaeological Survey Data ( 328 KB PDF)
  6. Linear Projects ( 1.15 MB PDF)
  7. Surface Artifact Collection During Survey/Identification Phase ( 119 KB PDF)
  8. Tribal Consultations in National Historic Preservation Act Decision Making Processes ( 427 KB PDF)
  9. Guidance for State Agencies Tribal Consultations and the State Historic Preservation Act ( 265 KB PDF)
  10. Guidance for Use and Submittal of the Survey Report Summary Form (SRSF) ( 380 KB PDF)
  11. SHPO Review of Non-mandated Compliance Consultations ( 393 KB PDF)
  12. SHPO Guidance on Drafting Section 106 Agreement Documents for Undertakings in Arizona ( 602 KB PDF)

Context Studies

Historic contexts provide information about historic trends and properties grouped by an important theme in the prehistory or history of a community, State, or the nation during a particular period of time. 

Historic contexts link historic properties and/or cultural resources to important historic trends to provide a framework for determining the significance of a property or site and its eligibility for National Register listing. A knowledge of historic contexts allows applicants to understand a historic property / cultural resource as a product of its time and as an illustration of aspects of heritage that may be unique, representative, or pivotal. 

Themes often relate to the historic development of a community, such as commercial or industrial activities. They may relate to the occupation of a prehistoric group, the rise of an architectural movement, the work of a master architect, specific events or activities, or a pattern of physical development that influenced the character of a place at a particular time in history. It is within the larger picture of a community's history that local significance becomes apparent. Similarly State and national significance become clear only when the property is seen in relationship to trends and patterns of prehistory or history statewide or nationally.  

 (adapted from Guidelines for Completing the National Register of Historic Places Forms, NPS)

Context Studies are property of Arizona State Parks & Trails and are offered here as reference materials and should not be sold or distributed without prior permission from Arizona State Parks & Trails.

1.  Cattle Ranching in Arizona 1540-1950 (13.4 MB PDF)

2. Arizona Cattle Ranching in the Modern Era, 1945-1970 (27.3 MB PDF)

3. Commerce in Phoenix 1870-1942 (30.3 MB PDF)

4. Gold & Silver Mining in Arizona 1848-1945 (72.3 MB PDF)

5. Historic Trails in Arizona from Coronado to 1940 (45.2 MB PDF)

6. Homesteading in Arizona 1870-1942 (24 MB PDF)

7. Paleoindian and Archaic Sites in Arizona (117.6 MB PDF)

8. Prehistoric Water Utilization and Technology in Arizona (127.7 MB PDF)

9. Rock Art in Arizona (111.7 MB PDF)

10. The Chinese in Arizona 1870-1950 (41 MB PDF)

11. The Prehistoric to Historic Transition Period in Arizona, Circa A.D. 1519 to 1692 (110.8 MB PDF)

12. The United States Military in Arizona 1846-1945 (55.9 MB PDF)

13. Transcontinental Railroading in Arizona 1878-1940 (37.3 MB PDF)

State Act Training Workshop

Presented as part of the 2016 Historic Preservation Conference, a special training workshop was presented by SHPO on “Archaeological and Historical Compliance in Arizona: Requirements of the State Historic Preservation Act and the Arizona Antiquities Act,” explaining how Arizona’s historic preservation laws can and should be an integral part of conducting business on state, county, municipal, and private lands.

Below are downloadable PDF documents of the Powerpoint presentations from the workshop.

1. State Historic Preservation Legislation and the State Historic Preservation Act - A.R.S. § 41-861 ( 3.5 MB PDF)
2. Agency Programs and the Arizona Register of Historic Places - A.R.S. § 41-862 & 41-863 ( 3.8 MB PDF)
3. SHPO Review of State Agency Plans - A.R.S. § 41-864 ( 423 KB PDF)
4. SHPO’s Guidance on Tribal Consultation for State Agencies ( 2.5 MB PDF)

SHPO Report on State Agency Compliance

Arizona State Statutes §41-861 through §41-864 direct state agencies to: preserve historic properties under their ownership or control; consider the use of historic properties for agency responsibilities; establish a program to locate, inventory, and nominate properties to the Arizona Register of Historic Places; insure that properties are not destroyed or substantially altered by state action or assistance; make appropriate documentation in accordance with State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) standards if a property is destroyed or altered; and seek review and comment from the SHPO on agency plans. This report provides a summary of the performance of state agencies in compliance with these state statutes. The information provided was compiled from SHPO records and an agency self-evaluation questionnaire
SHPO FY 2015-16 Report on State Agency Compliance
SHPO FY 2013-14 Report on State Agency Compliance

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