Governor's Archaeology Advisory Commission (GAAC)
Arizona is a national leader in the development of Public Archaeology and Heritage Tourism programs. The Governor's Archaeology Advisory Commission (Commission) has played an important role in the development of Arizona's multi-component, award-winning educational programs in archaeology. The legislation creating the Commission was signed into effect by Governor Bruce Babbitt on March 26, 1985. The purpose of the Commission is to advise the State Historic Preservation Office on a variety of archaeological issues important to Arizona.
The Commission has assisted the SHPO in creating successful and unique public education programs, including Arizona Archaeology Awareness Month, the Archaeology Expo, and the Site Steward Program. The Commission is working with the Arizona Office of Tourism and the Arizona Humanities Council in promoting and expanding sensitive heritage tourism experiences. As part of this effort, the Commission has produced a document entitled "Guidelines for Archaeological Park Development" to assist public and private agencies in the appropriate and sensitive development of archaeological sites into interpretive public parks. The goal is to promote local economic development through archaeological heritage tourism, while fostering a stewardship ethic and the preservation of these irreplaceable archaeological and historical resources.
Established by the State Legislature in 1985, the Commission’s enabling legislation also directed it to promote archaeology and the development of a broad base of public support for historic preservation. The Commission has assisted the SHPO in developing and sustaining highly successful efforts including the nationally recognized Arizona Site Steward Program and the popular Archaeology and Heritage Awareness Month activities, such as the annual Archaeology Exposition. The Commission has also advised the SHPO on developing public education guidelines, a statement of principles regarding cooperation between archaeologists and American Indian tribes, guidelines for archaeological excavations on private property, a report on the archaeological curation crisis in Arizona, and protection and management of archaeological resources along the international border.
Download Three Year Plan 2019-2021 (130 KB PDF)
Download Three Year Plan 2016-2018 (81 KB PDF)
Historic preservation rests on a foundation that is established through research and planning. Only through these activities can archaeological sites be located, identified evaluated and properly managed for the future. The ultimate rationale for preserving archaeological resources lies in the potential they offer for knowledge about our collective human past. The Commission is committed to research and planning for the purposes of archaeological site protection and management. To this end, the Commission will:
Historic preservation law and regulation are the primary means by which archaeological sites are considered as a part of land use and development planning that affects both public and private property. It is critical that public agency officials with resource management responsibilities understand these laws and regulations in the state of Arizona. The Commission is committed to educating cultural resources professionals in historic preservation law and regulation. To that end, the Commission will:
Download GAAC Training Opportunities Survey Results HERE
Public outreach and education is a critical component of archaeological site protection in Arizona today.
Without an understanding of what the archaeological record represents, the public cannot be expected to appreciate that record, nor support the investment of public resources in its preservation for future generations. We owe it to our children to give them the opportunity of exploring the wonders Arizona's historic and prehistoric past. The Commission is committed to public outreach and education in the service of archaeological site protection. To that end, the Commission will:
Arizonans are blessed with a rich archaeological heritage that is the envy of the nation. Archaeological sites in such places as Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Homolovi State Park, and the city of Phoenix's Pueblo Grande Museum and Archaeological Park have become important public assets. The Commission is committed to promoting public preservation programs that are dedicated to the protection of the state's archaeological sites. To this end, the Commission will:
The statutory Commission is composed of 11 members with expertise in prehistoric or historic archaeology, anthropology and/or ethnography, as well as tourism, public education, economic development, business, and Native American affairs. Click HERE for the list of current GAAC members.
Click here for access to 2016-2019 GAAC Agendas & Minutes
Click here for the Official Statement of Locations where GAAC Agendas are posted pursuant to the Open Meeting Law
Arizona's Curation Crisis
As part of Arizona Archaeology Awareness Month each year, the Commission recognizes individuals and/or programs that have contributed time and energy to promoting the protection and preservation of, and education about, Arizona's non-renewable archaeological resources. These awards can include the following categories of individuals or organizations that are worthy of recognition for their public service / education endeavors: 1) professional archaeologists, 2) avocational archaeologists, 3) site stewards, 4) tribes, 5) private, non-profit entities, 6) government agencies, and 7) private or industrial development entities. In addition, the Commission would like to make an award to an individual for special or lifetime achievement. The award ceremony is held at the Historic Preservation Conference each year.
Recipients will be honored at the 18th Annual Arizona Historic Preservation Conference in Prescott, in June 2019. For more information, please visit our conference website at AZPreservation.com